Setting object location conditions in a test script

In some cases, recorded actions are not replayed as expected because the objects cannot be found. In the test, multiple location operators are available to improve object recognition.

About this task

For additional details about object recognition in mobile and web UI tests, see Improving test script robustness.

Here is an example where setting object location conditions is helpful: You record a test, and the action on a step, Click on Edit text,, is not clearly identified, with no label, and with variable content, such as a date. When the test is played back, the action cannot be performed because the date has changed.

Figure 1. Example of action that can fail when the test is played back.
User Action Details: Object identified by date

For this test to play back successfully, you can modify the object location in the test script so the target object can be found during test replay. For example, you can indicate that Edit text is to the right of a stable graphic object that is easily identifiable, for example, an Edit text field whose label is city. You can proceed as follows:

Procedure

  1. In the test, click a test step.
  2. In the User Action Details area, set Object Identified by to (automatic identification).
    Figure 2. Automatic detection

    automatic detection

  3. Select a location object in the Object location field.

    The Object location area expands to include indented fields for Graphic object, Object Identified by, and Object location.

    Figure 3. Select an Object location
    Select object location
  4. Select the graphic object that will be used as the reference object in the indented Graphic object field, for example, Edit text.
    Figure 4. Select a reference object
    Select reference object
  5. Select its property, for example, Text, in the indented Object Identified by field and enter its value, for example, city.
    Figure 5. Select a property and enter a value
    Object identified by

    You can verify the property description of the object in the Properties table or in the Elements tab of the Mobile and Web UI Data view.

  6. Define another object location that is helpful to find the reference object. You can indicate, for example, that the object whose value is city is located near an Analog clock whose content is Eastern time, as shown below.
    Figure 6. Set an object location condition with a location operator, graphic object, its properties selected and values

    Object location condition set on a test step, with a location operator, graphic object, its properties selected and values added

  7. Save and run the test to verify that the step is successful.
  8. Another method of setting object location conditions is to select an object in the Screen capture tab, and to drag it on the Object location field. That way, the property and value of the object selected are automatically entered in the object location fields.
    Figure 7. Drag the object and drop it on the Graphic Object field
    The user has selected the object in the screen capture tab, and dragged it on the object location field.
  9. You can also set a secondary locator condition to identify the target object on the step. The object can be found easily if the conditions are met. This could be useful, for example, in a test using a spreadsheet or a calculator. To set a secondary condition, you proceed as explained above. In the Secondary location field, select a location operator, a graphic object, the object property in Identified by, an operator, and enter the required values.
    Figure 8. Set a secondary location condition, with a location operator, a graphic object selected, its properties and values.
    A secondary location condition is set, with a location operator, a graphic object selected, its properties and values added.
  10. Save and run the test to verify that the step is successful.

Results

When all of the steps play back successfully, the test can be used in an automated testing process.
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